Journal of Community Safety and Well-Being 2022-03-18T07:31:15-07:00 Journal of CSWB Open Journal Systems <p>The&nbsp;<em>Journal of CSWB</em>&nbsp;is a<strong>&nbsp;peer-reviewed</strong>&nbsp;and<strong>&nbsp;open access</strong>&nbsp;publication that is positioned to be the authoritative global resource for high-impact research that, uniquely, spans all human service and criminal justice sectors, with an emphasis on their intersections and collaborations. The Journal showcases the latest research, whether originating from within Canada or from around the world, that is relevant to Canadian and international communities and professionals.&nbsp;</p> Time for a wellness check: Looking in on the system, the responder, and the family 2022-03-17T08:57:57-07:00 Linna Tam-Seto 2022-03-17T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Linna Tam-Seto Navigating narrow straits: Leadership development of municipal managers of non-policing law enforcement services 2022-03-17T08:59:06-07:00 Dean Young <p>As municipal governments continue to use non-police law enforcement (NPLE) personnel in pursuit of public safety strategies, managers tasked with overseeing such staff are typically those without experience in the intricacies of law enforcement, public disorder, and the justice system. Non-police law enforcement calls for the use of very special skills, knowledge, and abilities not typically experienced in other areas of municipal operations. Managers, regardless of their profession, can effectively manage NPLE when afforded the opportunity to learn the law enforcement perspective, understand the stressors placed on enforcement staff, and be educated in the judicial requirements of municipal and provincial enforcement. Municipalities should refrain from placing staff under a manager strictly for ease and convenience. Further, the services provided should operate with proper oversight. Managers must be appropriately experienced in leading staff and operations involving complex and human-centred portfolios. This study outlines the issues faced by managers tasked with overseeing NPLE and provides a snapshot of the current professional structure of NPLE leadership in the province of Alberta, Canada.</p> 2022-03-17T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Dean Young Review of international studies on perception of safety and human security 2022-03-17T08:58:27-07:00 Anna Che Azmi Maznolita Hamdan <p>We present a comprehensive review of the evaluation of safety and human security perceptions from various countries. We highlight important aspects used to measure safety and human security perceptions in these international studies and some of their findings. Measuring perceptions of safety and human security in a certain location is crucial as better safety perceptions can enhance the well-being of the people residing in the place of investigation. By presenting the diverse measures of safety and human security perceptions, we hope to elicit more innovative ideas on these measures from policy makers.</p> 2022-03-17T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Anna Che Azmi; Maznolita Hamdan Duante Wright and Kim Potter—The chilling effect of death and conviction 2022-03-17T08:58:07-07:00 Matt Torigian 2022-03-17T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Matt Torigian Animal protection: Organizational constraints and collaborative opportunities 2022-03-18T07:31:15-07:00 Kendra Coulter Bridget Nicholls Amy Fitzgerald <p>This paper examines the landscape of animal cruelty investigations in Canada. Building on six years of mixed-methods research, we first outline the enforcement organizations and investigations process. Then we identify three challenges for jurisdictions across the country: the unevenness of forensic veterinary expertise, differing levels of Crown awareness and engagement, and relative availability of community-based programs and services to solve problems and prevent harm. We argue that further development of all three areas, including through strengthened multi-sector collaboration, will increase the effectiveness of animal protection, better protect vulnerable people, and augment public safety.</p> 2022-03-17T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Kendra Coulter, Bridget Nicholls, Amy Fitzgerald Education, preparation, and moral obligation: An examination of hospital employee role in active shooter training response 2022-03-17T08:58:46-07:00 McKenzie Wood Mallory Darais <p>As active shooter and armed intruder events continue to increase, hospitals have recently begun using the Department of Homeland Security-endorsed “Run Hide Fight” procedures to train employees on how to respond to violent situations. This study uses survey data collected from 333 staff in various employee roles at a Midwest hospital. Employees responded to questions related to “Run Hide Fight” policy education, feelings of preparedness for an active shooter event, and perceptions of moral obligation related to remaining with patients during a potentially fatal encounter. Results indicate variations in education and preparedness response among administration, clinical staff, and non-clinical staff.</p> 2022-03-17T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 McKenzie Wood, Mallory Darais Public safety personnel feedback from a remote trial of Goal Management Training for post-traumatic stress during Covid-19 2022-03-17T08:58:36-07:00 Heather Millman Krysta Andrews Sherain Harricharan Sarah Goegan Brahm Sanger Isaac Beech Charlene O'Connor Ruth Lanius Margaret McKinnon <p><em><strong>Purpose:</strong></em> This paper explores participants’ perspectives on the acceptability, utility, and perceived therapeutic effects of a virtual group cognitive remediation program, Goal Management Training (GMT)™, during the COVID-19 pandemic. The advantages and drawbacks of these groups are considered as part of an online research study protocol exploring cognitive remediation among first responders (police, firefighters, paramedics, emergency dispatchers, corrections and parole officers, and nurses) who have been impacted by trauma.</p> <p><em><strong>Methods:</strong></em> We qualitatively examined the results of an anonymous participant feedback survey collected from 20 first responders who took part in the first round of our online therapy groups. A thematic analysis approach was taken to highlight key themes and recommendations.</p> <p><em><strong>Results:</strong></em> Survey results indicated that participants found our online protocol effective in terms of group facilitation, the utility of online platforms, and perceived therapeutic effects. Further, some participants preferred participating online versus attending in-person groups.</p> <p><em><strong>Conclusion:</strong></em> This early data suggests that providing virtual options for research and treatment among trauma-impacted public safety personnel may increase accessibility and overall participation among this population.</p> 2022-03-17T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Heather Millman, Krysta Andrews, Sherain Harricharan, Sarah Goegan, Brahm Sanger, Isaac Beech, Charlene O'Connor, Ruth Lanius, Margaret McKinnon Offenders on judicial orders: Implications for evidence-based risk management in policing 2022-03-17T08:58:56-07:00 Sandy Jung Gregory Kitura <p>There is little known about individuals who serve judicial protective orders called Section 810.1 and 810.2 peace bonds. Many Canadian police services provide supervision of these individuals, who are deemed high risk for violence, yet little research has been done on community supervision by police. The current study profiles the characteristics of 45 adult supervisees who were serving 810.1 and 810.2 orders and supervised by a local police service. The findings indicate that a majority of these individuals have experienced childhood abuse and neglect, lack high school education, were exposed to parental alcoholism, and demonstrated evidence of mental health problems. Further, and perhaps less surprising, they had remarkable histories for criminal behaviour, in terms of frequency, severity, and antisocial behaviour. Most of the individuals had criminogenic risk factors and responsivity issues that required attention at the start of their supervision. This study highlights the high needs of individuals under judicial orders and provides insight into the level of resources needed to supervise them. Implications for training law enforcement in applying effective principles of rehabilitation and risk assessment are discussed.</p> 2022-03-17T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Sandy Jung, Greg Kitura