Journal of Community Safety and Well-Being 2020-12-18T08:18:53-08:00 Journal of CSWB Open Journal Systems <p>The&nbsp;<em>Journal of CSWB</em>&nbsp;is a<strong>&nbsp;peer-reviewed</strong>&nbsp;and<strong>&nbsp;open access</strong>&nbsp;publication that is positioned to be the authoritative global resource for high-impact research that, uniquely, spans all human service and criminal justice sectors, with an emphasis on their intersections and collaborations. The Journal showcases the latest research, whether originating from within Canada or from around the world, that is relevant to Canadian and international communities and professionals.&nbsp;</p> Reform and innovation in human services and policing: Vital investments in community trust and well-being 2020-12-18T08:15:39-08:00 Norman E. Taylor 2020-11-16T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Norman E. Taylor Envisioning the future: Police and public health joining forces 2020-12-18T08:16:29-08:00 Marc Krupanski Melissa Jardine Brendan Cox Tim France Bill Stronach Nick Crofts 2020-11-10T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Marc Krupanski, Melissa Jardine, Brendan Cox, Tim France, Bill Stronach, Nick Crofts Defunding the ramparts and institutional theory: The master’s tools will fell the master’s house 2020-12-18T08:18:29-08:00 Michael J. DeValve <p>Witnessing current events in Ferguson, and now in Milwaukee, New York, Los Angeles, Seattle, of course Portland, and now Kenosha, Wisconsin, where protests against police violence are met with yet more police violence, the question naturally arises: Why are police so seemingly insistent on actively working counter to their own organizational best interest? This essay poses this troubling question and derives part of an answer for it from institutional theory.</p> 2020-11-10T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Michael DeValve Reforming Indigenous policing: Understanding the context for change 2020-12-18T08:16:53-08:00 Rick Ruddell John Kiedrowski <p>Protests over the policing of Black and Indigenous people and people of Colour that started after the death of George Floyd in May 2020 at the hands of the Minneapolis police set the stage for debates about the role of the Canadian police in ensuring public safety. These protests have resulted in calls for police reforms, including reallocating police funding to other social spending. The public’s attention has focused on urban policing, and there has been comparatively little focus on policing rural Indigenous communities. We address this gap in the literature, arguing that Indigenous policing is distinctively different than what happens in urban areas and the challenges posed in these places are unlike the ones municipal officers confront. We identify ten specific challenges that define the context for Indigenous policing that must be considered before reforms are undertaken. Implications for further research and policy development are identified, including founding a commission to oversee First Nations policing.</p> 2020-11-10T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Rick Ruddell, John Kiedrowski Delineating policing towards a social and health profession 2020-12-18T08:16:03-08:00 Uzma Williams Daniel J. Jones <p>This article suggests potential reforms required to address shortcomings of the policing profession in response to contemporary challenges. Police reforms that de-emphasize enforcement and promote policing as a helping profession are discussed. This stance is presented because police calls for service commonly involve complex human behaviour that includes mental health factors (including addictions) and diversity. Police officers require extensive training and education on mental health and diversity, which should include regular specialized training advancements in professionalism, interpersonal skills, and behavioural (non-verbal and verbal) response. All police officers have to deal with mental health and diversity, and, as such, an appropriate helping model (that adopts certain skills from health and social professions) should be incorporated into law enforcement practices and training. The Compass Police Response (CPR) Model is presented for consideration in police reform as well as a revised representation of the Police Use of Force Framework. The authors posit that policing should include increased collaboration with health and social professions. The support of other community disciplines and health systems is necessary to adequately address reforms required in the policing profession.</p> 2020-11-10T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Uzma Williams, Daniel J. Jones COVID-19 should be considered an Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) 2020-12-18T08:17:17-08:00 Michelle A. McManus Emma Ball 2020-11-10T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Michelle McManus, Emma Ball Defunding the ramparts: A home remade 2020-12-18T08:18:05-08:00 Michael J. DeValve 2020-11-10T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Michael DeValve “Chief, I think we can make this work.” Perceptions of successes and failures in technology implementation from Canadian police leaders 2020-12-18T08:18:53-08:00 James Brown Michael Doucet <p>This article looks at the pressures, issues, and organizational elements that were perceived to have the greatest impact on the success or failure of technology projects, based on discussions with police leaders who have recently retired from police organizations across Canada. These discussions were technology-agnostic and focused on the human dimension of technology projects to understand what worked, what didn’t, and why, with the intent to help inform the discussion on technology acquisition for today’s police leaders.</p> 2020-11-10T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2020 James Brown, Michael Doucet Our Shared Future: Windows into Canada’s Reconciliation Journey — A Review 2020-12-18T08:17:41-08:00 Peter D Shipley <p>The challenges and complexity of the reconciliation process are still not well understood by a large number of non-Indigenous people in Canada. As a nation, we are attempting to grasp the intricacy of how to unravel and atone for the damage that has been done in establishing and managing the more than 130 residential schools in Canada. This not only impacted more than 150,000 First Nations, Métis, and Inuit children but destroyed generations of families that are still and will continue to be impacted for years to come. The official apology from Prime Minister Stephen Harper on June 11, 2008, to all Indigenous people in Canada for the atrocities of the Indian Residential Schools was the start of a very long and painful continuous journey. The 94 calls to action released in 2015 by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission provide a road map to a complex recovery process for Indigenous people across the country. In January 2018, Health Canada held a national panel discussion with Indigenous leaders and experts on the question “Reconciliation—What Does it Mean?” One of the main themes of reconciliation revolves around education, and, in order to stay focused, we must continue to educate Canadians, including police leaders and new recruits, as we move through the meandering path of econciliation. The book Our Shared Future provides an outstanding in-depth look through the windows into a number of individual perspectives on the reconciliation journey.</p> 2020-11-10T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Peter D Shipley Thank you to our reviewers 2020-12-18T08:15:15-08:00 Journal of CSWB Editorial Office 2020-12-04T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of CSWB