Journal of Community Safety and Well-Being https://journalcswb.ca/index.php/cswb <p>The&nbsp;<em>Journal of CSWB</em>&nbsp;is a<strong>&nbsp;peer-reviewed</strong>&nbsp;and<strong>&nbsp;open access</strong>&nbsp;publication that is positioned to be the authoritative global resource for high-impact research that, uniquely, spans all human service and criminal justice sectors, with an emphasis on their intersections and collaborations. The Journal showcases the latest research, whether originating from within Canada or from around the world, that is relevant to Canadian and international communities and professionals.&nbsp;</p> SG Publishing Inc. en-US Journal of Community Safety and Well-Being 2371-4298 <p>Copyright of any article published in The&nbsp;<em>Journal of CSWB&nbsp;</em>is retained by the author(s). Authors grant The Journal a&nbsp;<a href="https://journalcswb.ca/index.php/cswb/libraryFiles/downloadPublic/1">License to Publish</a>&nbsp;their article upon acceptance. Articles published in The Journal are distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license (<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/">https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/</a>.&nbsp;</p> Systemic or systematic: Officer presence and the eye of the beholder https://journalcswb.ca/index.php/cswb/article/view/158 Norman E. Taylor Copyright (c) 2020 Norman E. Taylor https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-29 2020-09-29 5 3 87 88 10.35502/jcswb.158 Supporting research, innovation, and better outcomes for our communities https://journalcswb.ca/index.php/cswb/article/view/159 Chris Schneider Chris Bushell Copyright (c) 2020 Chris Bushell, Chris Schneider https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-29 2020-09-29 5 3 89 89 10.35502/jcswb.159 Welcoming our Mission Supporter https://journalcswb.ca/index.php/cswb/article/view/162 Norman E. Taylor Copyright (c) 2020 Norman E. Taylor https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-29 2020-09-29 5 3 90 90 10.35502/jcswb.162 Use of the ODARA by police officers for intimate partner violence: Implications for practice in the field https://journalcswb.ca/index.php/cswb/article/view/150 <p>Despite research demonstrating the validity of the Ontario Domestic Assault Risk Assessment (ODARA) for appraising risk of subsequent intimate partner violence, gaps remain with regard to its actual use by police officers in the field. The primary goals of the current study were to assess the rate at which the ODARA was used by police officers for intimate partner violence (IPV) in the Canadian context and to identify factors associated with its use. The current study used 142 randomly selected police files meeting criteria for IPV from three police agencies in an Atlantic Canadian province, following province-wide training on domestic violence and the ODARA. The ODARA was used by police in 60.3% of cases, though more commonly when physical Violence was present at index (70%). Significant ODARA use variation was noted across the three police gencies. ODARAs were more likely administered when the suspect was using drugs/alcohol (76.4%), the incident was between parties in a current intimate relationship (67.0%), when physical violence occurred in the index event (70.6%), and when a weapon was used (84.2%). Decisions to arrest and recommend charges to the prosecutor were predicted by higher ODARA total scores, above and beyond the influence of the police organization, suspect/victim characteristics, and incident context variables. Results are discussed in the context of police discretion/decision-making and the need for stronger implementation and policy use guidelines for risk appraisal by police officers, which includes a better understanding of IPV and the ODARA.</p> Dale Ballucci Mary Ann Campbell Carmen Gill Copyright (c) 2020 Dale Ballucci, Mary Ann Campbell, Carmen Gill https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-29 2020-09-29 5 3 91 102 10.35502/jcswb.150 Measuring intimate partner violence risk: A national survey of Canadian police officers https://journalcswb.ca/index.php/cswb/article/view/144 <p>This study examined the role of police in addressing intimate partner violence (IPV) and the type of strategies they apply across Canada based on a national survey of officers. The focus was on an examination of the types of structured tools Canadian police officers report using in their risk assessment strategies. The results suggest that Canadian police officers are reporting frequent engagement in risk assessments across jurisdictions. The survey findings indicate variability across provinces in the types of risk assessment tools police officers are using. Implications for future research include exploring specific provincial and territorial police risk assessment processes and the challenges in engaging in risk assessments.</p> Michael D. Saxton Peter G. Jaffe Anne-Lee Straatman Laura Olszowy Myrna Dawson Copyright (c) 2020 Michael Saxton, Peter Jaffe, Anne-Lee Straatman, Laura Olszowy, Myrna Dawson https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-29 2020-09-29 5 3 103 109 10.35502/jcswb.144 Community praxis: Exploring a community engagement framework for restorative justice in British Columbia, Nova Scotia, and Bangladesh https://journalcswb.ca/index.php/cswb/article/view/125 <p>The concept of community is pervasive but ambiguous, and there is a lack of research on the role of community in restorative justice. Employing both in-depth qualitative interviews and surveys, this qualitative study unearths the role of community in restorative justice in British Columbia, Nova Scotia, and Bangladesh and examines existing community praxis in those places. The study proposes a community engagement framework which consists of horizontal community and vertical community. The study argues that incorporation of both horizontal and vertical communities would strengthen the quality of relationships, while also fostering innovation and creativity in restorative justice.</p> Muhammad Asadullah Copyright (c) 2020 Muhammad Asadullah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-29 2020-09-29 5 3 110 119 10.35502/jcswb.125 “I don’t want people to think I’m a criminal”: Calling for more compassionate policing in child and youth mental health https://journalcswb.ca/index.php/cswb/article/view/151 <p>In this paper, we present the outcomes of a narrative study of thirteen interviews with six child and youth mental health practitioners and seven caregivers with a child between 12 and 24 years old involved with the mental health system and with a history of police involvement. The focus of the interviews was the how young people involved with the mental health system and their caregivers had experienced police encounters. Two main categories of themes emerged. Presented here are the outcomes in terms of the reasons for and nature of the police encounters. Across the interviews, police services were accessed primarily for support to deescalate physical or verbal situations involving a distressed child. As two subcategories, police encounters were described as negative and associated with stigma and criminalization, while positive encounters were associated with the appropriate use of police authority. A call is made for more compassionate policing.</p> Maria Liegghio Alexis H. Truong Herberth Canas Hamad Al-Bader Copyright (c) 2020 Maria Liegghio, Alexis H. Truong, Herberth Canas, and Hamad Al-Bader https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-29 2020-09-29 5 3 120 126 10.35502/jcswb.151 Weekend remand admissions and case review in Saskatoon https://journalcswb.ca/index.php/cswb/article/view/127 <p>In 2017, the Saskatchewan Government implemented a new early case resolution program whereby weekend remand admissions cases for those remanded to the Saskatoon Correctional Centre were reviewed on Sunday by a Crown Prosecutor and Legal Aid weekend duty counsel. This early case resolution program, the Weekend Project, aimed to improve the number of meaningful first court appearances in Saskatoon on Mondays. The examination of short-term remand admissions and discharges at the Saskatoon Correctional Centre revealed that the average Monday discharge rate for those admitted on the previous Friday, Saturday, and Sunday increased to 31% during the treatment period of January 6 to May 31, 2017, from 18% during the control period of January 8 to May 31, 2016. In comparison, there were no statistically significant changes in the average Monday discharge rate for the Regina Correctional Centre, for which there was no weekend case review program. The results also suggest that up to 73 remand person-days were saved over the 18-week<br>treatment period in early 2017.</p> Stuart Wilson Copyright (c) 2020 Stuart Wilson https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-29 2020-09-29 5 3 127 132 10.35502/jcswb.127 Could a more-work-strategy (MWS) do better than a lockdown strategy in developing countries during the COVID-19 pandemic? https://journalcswb.ca/index.php/cswb/article/view/155 Muhammad Irfanullah Siddiqui Adeel Ahmed Khan Fahad Saqib Lodhi Copyright (c) 2020 Muhammad Irfanullah Siddiqui , Adeel Ahmed Khan, Fahad Saqib Lodhi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-29 2020-09-29 5 3 133 134 10.35502/jcswb.155