Vietnam’s policing in harm reduction: Has one decade seen changes in drug control?

[LEPH2019]

  • Hai Thanh Luong RMIT University http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2421-9149
  • Toan Quang Le Faculty of Criminal Investigation People's Police Academy Co Nhue 2 Ward, Bac Tu Liem District, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Dung Tien Lam Centre for Teacher Training and Professional Development People's Police Academy Co Nhue 2 Ward, Bac Tu Liem District, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Bac Gia Ngo Faculty of Anti Drug Related Crime Investigation People's Police Academy Co Nhue 2 Ward, Bac Tu Liem District, Hanoi, Vietnam

Abstract

Alongside raising awareness and creating activities to develop a harm-reduction approach in the HIV/AIDS campaign since the end of the 2000s, broader harm-reduction interventions in Vietnam were also deployed that included several positive steps. Police forces, a fundamental sector in reducing the supply of illicit drugs, were also involved, partly to concretize this approach. As the first paper to examine the role of police in harm-reduction interventions in Vietnam, the current study utilizes qualitative approaches relying on in-depth interviews conducted with multiple key informants from government and its related bodies, United Nations personnel, and non-government organizations (NGOs), as well as police officers. We uncover noticeable progress in changing minds and approaches to apply harm reduction in drug policy, particularly within policing. However, major barriers in regulations, slow acceptance by police forces, and a lack of curriculum and courses in police training have limited harm-reduction approaches. As the first study to review and assess the policy of harm reduction after one decade, the paper contributes to a deeper understanding of the nature of Vietnam’s police provisions to balance and improve harm reduction in drug control.

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Author Biography

Hai Thanh Luong, RMIT University
Dr. Hai Thanh Luong graduated Bachelor of Law in Vietnam’s University since 2004 and spent continuously around ten years in law enforcement agencies with both lecturing and practicing’ activities. In 2010, he awarded Australian scholarship and achieved Master for Transnational Crime Prevention at University of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia before achieved Doctoral tittle at School of Global, Urban and Social Studies, RMIT University. His interests of areas are focus on border crime, transnational organized crime in Asia, drug trafficking, harm reduction, policing and police training. At the current time, Dr Hai hold an Honorary Principal Research Fellow at the Social and Global Studies Centre, RMIT University.
Published
2019-12-31
How to Cite
Luong, H. T., Le, T. Q., Lam, D. T., & Ngo, B. G. (2019). Vietnam’s policing in harm reduction: Has one decade seen changes in drug control? [LEPH2019]. Journal of Community Safety and Well-Being, 4(4), 67-72. https://doi.org/10.35502/jcswb.108
Section
Original Research